Diabetes insipidus is a disease with a symptom poliuria and polydipsia. Diseases related to the hormones ADH (anti diuretic hormone) or reseptornya. ADH hormone the kidney to working on the urine, so the balance of water and electrolytes in the body.
Types of insipidus is most plentiful is central insipidus, caused by a deficiency of the hormone AVP arginine. The second type of insipidus is caused by nefrogenis less of the kidney to the hormone with properties of anti-diuretic, such as AVP.
Diabetes insipidus symptoms :
There are some symptoms of the disease:
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urine Production
- Fatigue related disorders of electrolyte balance
Checks On Diabetes Insipidus?
Checks on this desease can be done by means of a water deprivation test. In this examination the patients sufferers forbidden to drink within a certain period. Formation of urinary electrolyte levels, water is the blood of (sodium) and weight was measured on a regular basis for a few hours. If the test results indicate the weight loss occurs more than 5%, then the test can be stopped or by providing injections of the hormone antidiuretik. This inspection is performed by a doctor in a hospital or clinic.
Whereas to know types of diabetes patients suffered, can be done by giving synthetic vasopressin. In Central Diabetes Insipidus occurs a decrease the amount of urine in diabetes, and Nefrogenik does not happen anything.
Diabetes Insipidus can result in complications with:
- Dry skin
- Weight loss
- Heart rate increased due to electrolyte imbalance