Diabetes Type 2 is one of the two types of diabetes, and the most common one among patients in the USA and India. In this kind of diabetes, the body has an excess of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes onset Symptoms of vary from one individual to another; but if you have any of the following symptoms you should consult a physician for check up: Symptoms are…
- Frequent infection
- Sudden vision changes or blurred vision
- Cuts / bruises take long time to heal
- Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections
- Frequent urination
- Excessive thirst
- Sudden reduction of body weight or feeling of weakness
- Minor cuts take long time to heal
- Infection of genitals
Try to identify sign and symptom of diabetes early so that you can control it in better way.
What Causes Diabetes Type 2?
People most prone to Diabetes Type 2 are:
- People over 45 years of age
- People with a family history of diabetes
- People who follow a sedentary life style
- People with low HDL or high Triglycerides
- Women who have had a baby weighing 9 ponds or more at birth.
After eating, the food is digested i.e. broken into small fragments and acted upon by different chemicals inside a human body is to transform the food into simpler compounds. Food is broken into a type of sugar called glucose which supplies energy for immediate consumption or for future use. This sugar is transported by the blood to all parts the body. In order to transform sugar into energy, it has to enter inside cells. To allow entry of glucose cells require a hormone called insulin. This hormone is produced by the pancreas.
In type 2 diabetes, insulin is not produced in adequate quantity and the organs in the body can not use insulin properly. As a consequence, the levels of sugar in the blood increase without being utilized, and what’s worse is the cells in the body starve for energy. If this condition goes untreated, it starts to take its toll in the body of the victim. The high levels of glucose will start to affect blood vessels and nerves. There are a series of possible complications like kidney disease, blindness, gum infection and it may even require amputation of determined limbs, a very nasty scenario for anyone.
What are the long term complications of diabetes?
A very good reason to take care of your diabetes on a day-to-day basis is that this will prevent many problems that diabetes could cause otherwise. Many people first become aware that they have diabetes when they develop one of its complications.
- Diabetes and your eyesight – diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people of ages 20 – 74. Diabetics should have their eyes checked at least once in six months.
- Kidney disease – the kidneys perform the vital task of cleansing your blood of toxic waste products of metabolism. Too much sugar in the blood stream leads to kidney failure.
- Nerve disease and amputation – about 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes suffer mild to severe forms of diabetic nerve damage that can cause pain in the legs, arms and which in severe form can attract lower limb amputation.
- Heart disease and stroke – diabetics are 2 to 4 times more prone to heart disease and stroke.
Diabetes can not be cured but may be managed. Awareness of this deadly disease can save many lives.
Once you have identified with diabetes, first you need to consult your dietician as a proper diet is must for diabetic patients.