Type 1 diabetes mellitus is considered to be a serious condition that is mostly diagnosed in young adults and children. The symptoms of this illness usually arise from the body’s ineffective delivery of starches and sugar throughout the body.
This type of diabetes is also known as “juvenile diabetes” since it commonly affects children; however, the name of this condition was changed to since the incidence in adults was continuously increasing.
The cause for this abnormal function of the autoimmune system still remains unknown. There are several theories that may explain this unusual behavior of the autoimmune cells but none of them are for certain. Some believe that is mostly due to the fact that the body produces excessive antibodies because of excessive vitamin D, proteins and antibiotics. However, none of these theories has yet been proven so basically the causes for type 1 diabetes still remain a mystery. Whatever its causes are, when the body stops to produce enough insulin, the glucose is starting to increase in number in the bloodstream. This high level of glucose then leads to a series of problems and these problems are the actual signs of type 1 diabetes.
Below are several signs that can indicate whether a person has type 1 diabetes or not:
- First of all anyone that might suffer from this condition should be aware about any drastic or sudden changes that might occur in his eating habits. Type 1 diabetes usually disables the body from delivering the most needed sugars in order to boost energy levels and overall health; this usually happens when there is a change in the insulin level. The human body is designed in such manner that is always trying to maintain a certain balance, so when it doesn’t receive the required amount of sugar it will make you feel the urge to eat more often.
- Another common symptom of type 1 diabetes is when you feel tired even though you are well rested. The human body requires starches and sugars from the foods that we consume in order to give us energy. Since this condition hinders that ability to provide energy, we feel tired even when we are not doing any significant effort that would require a higher amount of energy. This is usually the first symptom that is felt by the person with diabetes but it is also the one that it is most likely to be ignored.
- A dramatic increase in thirst and a more often urination is also a sign of type 1 diabetes. When sugar builds in our bloodstream due to the incapability of being distributed throughout our body, the necessary fluid is collected from our body’s tissue. As a consequence, our tissues get dehydrated, therefore our body will require more fluid; this issue is felt in the form of thirst. Also, by providing your body with more fluids, you will ingest a larger amount, hence an increased urination.
- Having an unexpected weight loss is also a symptom of type 1 diabetes. As stated before, those who suffer from this condition tend to have an increased thirst and appetite, which should result in a more increased body weight; however, this rule doesn’t always apply. Even though you will raise your caloric intake, you may also lose weight due to the fact that your fat and muscle tissues are starving for energy.
- Last but not least, the blurred vision. This is also a serious symptom that should not be neglected; those same fluids that are diverted and are causing an increased thirst are also pulled from the tissues of the eyes. This will result in drying of the eyes and it can cause an overall decrease functioning of them such as blurred vision.
Type 1 diabetes is usually treated with insulin replacement therapy. This consists of dietary control (such as keeping track of the carbohydrates that are consumed and monitoring the glucose levels in the blood), and by injecting insulin. Without a proper treatment, diabetic ketociadosis (this is the second stage of the disease that occurs when the body begins to produce chemicals known as ketones), can lead to a coma, and even death. Therefore it is highly advised to go and check up with your physician if you are experiencing more than two of the symptoms presented above.