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Total short article about diabetes

Total short article about diabetes

Total short article about diabetes

TYPE 1

About Type 1 Diabetes

What is Type 1 Diabetes you may be asking yourself. All kinds of diabetes involve problems with high levels of blood sugar. Diabetes is classified as a metabolic disease. It may the result of not producing enough insulin or cells not responding to insulin. Type 1 diabetes includes the former. Type 1 diabetes is the less common form, affecting about 1 in 250 US residents. Onset of type 2 diabetes usually take place before age 20. The sections below will elaborate on the causes, symptoms and treatment methods for type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms from Type 1 Diabetes are the result of tissue cells not receiving nutrients in the form of blood sugar, or glucose, from the blood cells because of a lack of insulin to facilitate the transfer of blood sugar between blood cells and other cells. Common symptoms include the following:

Dehydration

Dehydration occurs when there is not enough water in the body. When sugar builds up in the blood due to lack of insulin to transfer the sugar to other cells the body responds by inducing urination in order to expel the excess blood sugar that is stored in the blood cells. When the kidneys remove the glucose from the blood cells it is stored in the urine which also is mostly made of water.

Weight Loss

Many other factors may lead to weight loss in type 1 diabetics including frequent urination and dehydration. But the sugar that is lost through urination means cells are not getting the energy they need and thus weight loss ensues.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)

DKA occurs when cells start to break down fat cells for fuel in the absence of glucose to burn as energy. The process of breaking down the fat cells for energy produces what is called ketones, a type of acidic chemical. The ketones are passed on to the blood to be flushed out of the body but when they are produced in excess they begin to build up in the blood. When this occurs the liver is signaled to produce more blood sugar to give energy to cells but the lack of insulin in type 1 diabetics blood means the sugars cannot be passed to the cells. The blood continues to accumulate sugars and fatty acids and, in combination with dehydration, the resulting condition is called ketoacidosis.

Tissue Damage

High blood sugar can also cause tissue damage and nerve damage to small blood vessels (capillaries) in the eyes, heart and kidneys. It may also lead to hardening of the arteries, known as atherosclerosis. Hardened arteries are a common cause of heart attack and stroke..

Type 1 Diabetes Causes

Causes of type 1 diabetes is not perfectly clear yet but it is known that it is a genetic condition. Environmental triggers can also be a factor. A toxin or virus may cause the pancreas to stop producing insulin or insufficient amounts of insulin. Almost all type 1 diabetes patients have this destruction of the pancreas.

Type 1 Diabetes Treatment

Type 1 diabetics can still live fulfilling lives and die at an old age. Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes various management methods that keep you blood sugar under control, within your target range. Meal planning exercise and insulin therapy are all management methods. Type 1 diabetics will need to check their blood sugar level regularly and take insulin to keep their diabetes under control.

Type 2 Diabetes

About Type 2 Diabetes

What is Type 2 Diabetes you may be asking yourself. All kinds of diabetes involve problems with high levels of blood sugar. Diabetes is classified as a metabolic disease. It may the result of not producing enough insulin or cells not responding to insulin. Type 2 diabetes includes the latter. Type 2 diabetes is the more common form, affecting about 1 in 250 US residents. The causes of type 2 diabetes are not as well understood as type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms from type 2 diabetes are similar to those of type 1. They are the result of lack of glucose delivered to cells from the blood. Symptoms patients may experience include:

  • Augmented thirst
  • Augmented hunger
  • Dryness in the mouth
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Frequent urination
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Blurry vision
  • Numbness of appendages including hands and feet
  • Infections of the urinary tract and skin
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Type 2 Diabetes Causes

Genetic factors are believed to play a role in the onset of type 2 diabetes but being overweight or obese and being physically inactive are a major factor in 95% of diabetes cases in the United States. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to facilitate the transfer of glucose sugar from bloods cells to other cells. In patients with type 2 diabetes insulin are still produced but it is either in insufficient amounts for the insulin produced does not facilitate the transfer of sugar from blood cells to other cells. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that signals the body when blood sugar levels are too high and some needs to be transferred to cells for nutrients. In patients with type 2 diabetes this process does not work properly. Other factors that can cause type 2 diabetes to onset in patients include:

  • Old Age
  • Ethnicity
  • Sedentary life
  • Drinking alcohol in excess
  • Diet high in fat
  • Giving birth to a heavy baby
  • High triglyceride level in the blood
  • Hypertension

Treatment

The goal of type 2 diabetes treatment is to keel blood sugar or glucose levels under control. Having a smart type 2 diabetes diet is possibly the most important aspect of managing diabetes. Because there is no cure for type 2 diabetes dealing with the disease is often referred to as type 2 diabetes management. Learning basic type 2 diabetes management skills can prevent serious symptoms from arising that would necessitate hospitalization. Management skills include:

  • Testing and tracking your blood sugar levels
  • Learning what to eat and at what times
  • Medication if necessary
  • Recognizing and treating low and high blood sugar/li>
  • Buying and storing diabetes supplies

A glucometer is a device used to measure blood sugar levels. A lancet is a needle used to prick the finger to obtain a sample of blood. Patients with type 2 diabetes should make regular use of such equipment so that they have a record of their blood sugar levels and better manage their diabetes. Patients suffering from diabetes should consult with their health care professionals to determine a diet that is appropriate for them based on their blood sugar readings. Some patients who are severely overweight and can not manage their diabetes well may require bariatric surgery. We all know regular exercise is necessary to maintain a healthy body but it is especially important for pateints with diabetes. Regular physical activity helps promote good circulation and weight loss and relieves other symptoms of diabetes like high blood pressure and low energy.

Symptoms of Diabetes

Patients who are concerned they may have diabetes may ask themselves, what is diabetes? What signs of diabetes or indicators will there be that can help me know if I am diabetic. Sign of diabetes that are commonly experienced by diabetics or as pre diabetes symptoms include the following:

  • Excessive thirst and hunger
  • Wounds or cuts heal slowly
  • Itching, especially in groin area
  • Dry mouth
  • Yeast infections
  • Blurry vision
  • Nausea and possibly vomiting
  • Weakness or excessive tiredness
  • Unaccounted for weight gain or loss
  • More frequent urination (up to every hour)

The above symptoms are the result of increased blood sugar and lack of transfer of blood sugar to other cells. If you are worried concerned you may have diabetes or are in an at risk group (overweight, certain ethnicities including African-American and Hispanic) and you feel the sudden severe onset of one or more of the symptoms above you should contact your medical professional immediately. Such onsets are often the result of ketoacidosis, the buildup of fatty acids in the blood due to lack of nutrients in non-blood cells. Another symptom of ketoacidosis is sudden heavy breathing and sweet tasting breath that smells like nail polish remover. This condition may be fatal to type 1 diabetes sufferers so medical attention should be sought out immediately.

Hypoglycemia is another common occurrence occurring when patients are attempting to manage their blood sugar. Hypoglycemia means low blood sugar levels. Patients with hypoglycemia may experience fainting spells, rapid heartbeat, excessive sweating, trembling, and feelings of irritability, hunger or sudden drowsiness. Eating or drinking something with carbohydrates quickly can avoid serious complications with hypoglycemia.

Diagnosis of Diabetes

A urine analysis can be used to test blood sugar levels but it is not a sure-fire method for confirming that patients are indeed diabetic. Further blood tests are necessary to diagnose diabetes. The standard threshold for determining whether a patient is diabetic or not is 200 mg/dL blood sugar level. You should consult with your doctor on what kind of test should be done to confirm with certainty your condition. Three types of blood tests are used to test for diabetes:

  • Fasting blood glucose level
  • if this level is recorded at levels higher than 126 mg/dL two times it points to the patient being at risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Hemoglobin A1c test
  • Normal is
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Diabetes Medications

Treatment and Medication for Diabetes

If you believe you may be at risk for diabetes you should talk to your healthcare professional. Several blood tests can be done to confirm a diabetes diagnosis. After a diabetes diagnosis patients may be distraught at first to learn that there is no cure for diabetes but over time can learn to manage diabetes effectively and lead a normal lifestyle. To control diabetes it is necessary to be especially conscious of your diet and how it affects your blood sugar levels. This page will discuss different kinds of diabetes treatments. You should talk with your doctor to determine what type of medications or other treatment products are best for you.

Medications for Diabetes

Oral medications are commonly used as a type 2 diabetes treatment in combination with dieting and exercise to control their blood sugar. Since type 2 diabetes symptoms are caused by either lack of insulin or ineffective insulin. Type 2 dabetes sufferers often develop what is called “beta-failure” which means the cells in the pancreas that normally produce insulin are not functioning properly. When this occurs patients usually require insulin injections in combination with oral medication. Some medications are new diabetes treatments that have shown promising results in initial trials but further testing is required to know if they can be effective long term. Some common types of diabetes medication include:

  • DPP-IV inhibitors
  • This medication works by signaling the liver to stop producing sugar when blood sugar levels get too high.
  • Meglitinides
  • This medication stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin when blood sugar levels are low. Its effects are dependent on blood sugar levels unlike sulfonylureas.
  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • This medication blocks enzymes that facilitate the breakdown of starches and prevent too much sugar from entering the blood stream. This pill can cause diahrea or gas and also may lower hemoglobin A1c count.
  • Thiazolidinediones
  • This medication works by improving effectiveness of insulin. It stimulates muscle and fat cells to be able to use sugar from the blood.
  • Biguanides
  • This pill works similar to thiazolidinediones but especially in muscle tissue. They also prevent the liver from reducing stored sugar into the blood.
  • Sulfonylureas
  • This medications stimulates the pancreas to release more insulin. It may also lead to a decrease in hemoglobin A1c however.

Some studies have shown that some of these pills, when combined with diet and exercise, can reduce the risk of the onset of type 2 diabetes as well as other blood related conditions like heart disease.

Other Treatment Methods

Diabetes can raise the risk of other conditions affecting your eyes, nerves, heart, teeth and more. The acronym ABC is commonly used to help patients remember the important indicators to keep track of to make sure they do not become at risk for such other conditions:

  • A1c
  • This test to measure average blood sugar over several months. The target is around 7 without measuring too low a blood sugar count
  • Blood pressure
  • High blood pressure is more common among diabetes sufferers and so diabetics should keep close watch on theirs. High blood pressure can lead to heart attacks and strokes. It should be measured at least 4 times a year.
  • Cholesterol
  • High cholesterol can also lead to heart attack or stroke and can result from diabetes. It should be checked at least once a year.

Diabetes Supplies

Diabetic Supply

Find all the diabetic supplies you need to help you effectively manage your diabetes at our online diabetes supply store. Our store includes diabetes testing supplies, diabetic meters, diabetes insulin pump, glucometers, insulin pumps, insulin and much more. We even offer some free diabetes supplies. Our website offers discount prices on many name brand diabetes products:

Glucose Monitoring Systems

  • GE100 Blood Glucose Monitoring System
  • GE100 Strips (50)
  • Bayer Contour Pacific Blue Meter Only
  • One Touch Ultra Mini Blood Monitoring System Silver Moon
  • One Touch Ultra2 Kit

Lancets

  • One Touch Diabetes Mgt. USB Cable
  • ComforTouch 30g Lancets (200)
  • One Touch Ultra Mini Blood Monitoring System Silver Moon
  • Biguanides
  • GE100 Strips (50)
  • Bayer Contour Pacific Blue Meter Only

Testing Strips

  • ACCU-CHEK Comfort Curve (50)

Insulin Pumps

  • GE100 Blood Glucose Monitoring System
  • A1cNow+ Kit (10 tests per kit)
  • ACCU-CHEK Compact Plus System Kit)
  • FreeStyle Lite Kit

Lancing Device

  • Bayer Breeze2 Control Solution
  • Bionime GD 500 Lancing Device
  • Penlet Plus Lancing Device
  • Albustix Reagent Strips for Urinalysis (100)
  • ACCU-CHEK Aviva (50)
  • Bayer Contour Pacific Blue Meter Only

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NOTICE: The material on this site for informational use only and should not be taken as medical advice. This email does not constitute any doctor-patient relationship, or any other type of relationship. The material has been thoroughly researched and believed to be the most up to date information at time of publishing. This material is offered as information only and the reader has the responsibility to verify any medical decisions or actions with his or her health care team.

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