Over the years, there has been an increase in the incidence of diabetes mellitus. This disease has now become one of the most important issues that have to be addressed by the medical community. The good news about diabetes is that there are currently numerous drugs that help control it and the symptoms that go along with having this condition.
People with Type 1 diabetes lack sufficient insulin production from the pancreas, while type 2 diabetics do not respond to its effects. In both cases, blood sugar control goes haywire because insulin, the chemical responsible for regulating it, is not inadequate or is ineffective. Listed are the symptoms that mostly occur among diabetics.
Feeling of fatigue
Most diabetics will complain of always having low energy levels. Sugar or glucose is the primary energy source of the cells. Without insulin or if the cells are resistant to its effects, glucose is not utilized efficiently. The body then shifts to using fat for energy and drives the metabolism to work harder.
Unexplained weight loss
Because of the fact that the body lacks proper energy source in cases of diabetes, it metabolizes the fats present in order to compensate. This leads to weight loss despite adequate caloric intake.
Diabetics often urinate frequently and in large volumes. One of the body’s mechanisms of eliminating the excess glucose is through excreting it in the urine. Because of the high blood glucose, a lot of it is also filtered by the kidneys and causes the sugar content of the urine to rise too. Sugar attracts water into the urinary tract, causing voiding of great volumes of urine.
As mentioned, diabetic patients tend to lose a lot of water from frequent urination. The water-depleted body sends a signal to the brain that it needs to increase water content. This is manifested as thirst, and in most cases, diabetics consume large amounts of water yet still end up feeling dehydrated.
Numbness of Hands and Feet
The glucose in the blood stream is further broken down into different byproducts. These byproducts, when accumulated, are harmful to the nerves. The nerves are the ones that provide us with the ability to sense and feel. Any damage to them causes abnormal sensations or even numbness, a condition called neuropathy.
Remember that diabetes is a systemic disease, meaning it affects the body as whole. Therefore, symptoms attributed to diabetes can also manifest in many ways. Other than those mentioned above, there are several other symptoms that can serve as clues to the presence of diabetes. These include blurred vision, poor wound healing, and recurrent infections.
All of the named symptoms arise when blood sugar levels are highly elevated. Luckily, diabetes can be controlled with right medications. These medications are prescribed according to the individuals’ needs and based on how they respond to them. Of course, a healthy well-balanced diet, regular exercise, and good stress management also supplement any medicine that may be given.