- 1 11 diabetic symptoms have been compiled according to latest medical research and patient experiences.
- 2 1. Rapid weight loss
- 3 2. Frequent Urination
- 4 3. A constantly parched mouth
- 5 4. Persistent hunger pangs
- 6 5. Blurred vision
- 7 6. Skin ailments
- 8 7. Numb extremities/Neuropathy
- 9 8. Wounds which just won’t heal
- 10 9. Vaginal yeast infection
- 11 10. Fatigue
- 12 11. Irritability and moodiness
The facts are that Diabetes is a growing disease. The numbers are set to increase to 300 million in the coming 20 years. Diabetes awareness is important to detect the disease in case one already has it. Around 30% of the 20 million affected don’t even know they have the disease. This indicates knowledge and alertness to the signs of the disease and its condition is a must if we don’t want growing number of Diabetic patients.
Diabetes is typically a metabolic disorder. The disorder manifests itself through high levels of blood sugar. If one is aware of the symptoms to look out for, he or she will be much better equipped to take care of himself or herself. Once one has done that, consulting a good medical practitioner is the next logical step.
The two main types of Diabetes are Diabetes mellitus and Diabetes insipidus (DI). The first one is typically insulin resistance by the body or low insulin production by the pancreatic beta cells.
11 diabetic symptoms have been compiled according to latest medical research and patient experiences.
1. Rapid weight loss
Usually, overweight people are more susceptible to the risk of diabetes. That is why exercise is a much touted word in medical circles. Conversely, once a person has diabetes, sudden weight loss occurs. Body uses up a lot of energy. For this, fat tissues and proteins are metabolized rapidly. So, if there is sudden inexplicable weight loss, diabetes may be the cause behind it- more often than not.
2. Frequent Urination
Frequent visits to the toilet are not a promising sign either. High glucose levels in the blood upset the osmotic process of the kidneys. This results in decreased ability of the body to absorb and retain water. As more and more water is released by the kidneys, there is a frequent urge to urinate.
3. A constantly parched mouth
The water loss from a diabetic body is more due to frequent urination. This may lead to dehydration. This drying out of the body directly leads to a parched throat. An extreme and frequent feeling of thirst is another of the diabetic symptoms.
4. Persistent hunger pangs
Diabetic patients suffer from wasting of body tissues. As the fat and tissue breakdown occurs, the brain signals the body to eat to compensate for the loss. A constant need to eat is, hence, a major warning sign. If not treated medically, it can lead a patient to starvation.
5. Blurred vision
The blurring of vision may fluctuate in the initial stages. But, persistently high blood sugar levels impact the blood vessels at the back of the eyes. The retina is affected leading to diabetic retinopathy. The American Academy of Ophthalmology maintains that the risk of losing one’s eyesight increases by 25 times if one suffers from diabetes. Getting permanently blurred vision is even more common.
6. Skin ailments
High blood sugar levels stimulate changes in the minor blood vessels. When these are near the skin surface, these changes result in light brown, circular or oval, scaly patches. Patients may also complain of itching. Sudden eruption of blisters, on the back of fingers, hands, toes or feet are also reported in some cases.
7. Numb extremities/Neuropathy
Diabetes induces numbness in hands and feet. Patients complain of tingling hands or feet when they wake up in the mornings. Blood glucose levels need to be checked if numbness and resultant tingling persists every time one sits down. Diabetes also causes damage to nerves through which pain is detected. This condition is called Neuropathy. Leg swelling due to water retention is also seen in some cases.
8. Wounds which just won’t heal
Slow healing wounds, cuts and bruises are almost a surefire sign of diabetes. If cuts and bruises occur out of nowhere, you need to get your blood tested. Sluggish healing is due to persistent high levels of glucose in the blood.
9. Vaginal yeast infection
Vaginal yeast infections are normal in females. These result from the overgrowth of Candida albicans. These fungi are usually present in harmless amounts in areas such as the vagina, the digestive tract and the mouth. However, if the vaginal yeast infection keeps recurring despite treatment along with other of the mentioned symptoms, diabetes might be the overriding reason.
Diabetes also causes fatigue due to rapid consumption of body fuel. However, fatigue in itself doesn’t indicate diabetes. It can be caused due to factors like anemia or another metabolic dysfunction. Constant fatigue should, nonetheless, be treated timely. This prevents unnecessary future complications- one of which could be diabetes.
11. Irritability and moodiness
Diabetic patients suffer from mood swings and irritability. This happens due to fluctuations in blood sugar levels. Unexplained moodiness is a cause of worry if it is a more or less recent development.
The above are the signs that show the presence of Diabetes mellitus or Diabetes insipidus. There is another form of diabetes which is recognized by WHO. It affects pregnant women and is called Gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes typically disappears after delivery.
Diabetes is not only a problem of the elderly. It affects children as well, where it is calledJuvenile Diabetes. The symptoms are the same as above in children as well. However, diagnosis is helped if parents are alert to these signs.
There is no need to panic if your body exhibits any of these symptoms. The best course of action would be to get a blood test done to allay any fears.