Diabetes is a term which describes conditions in which the body has the inability to produce insulin effectively. This is a hormone needed for glucose to enter the cells and be converted to energy. This is a medical condition which makes a patient produce a lot of urine and it also makes the patient very much thirsty.
Diabetes should be taken seriously because if it is not properly treated or managed, there is a high tendency of it leading to heart disease or stroke. I’m sure you (a diabetic) wouldn’t want that to happen. Would you?
Diabetes develops due to the fact that the body needs glucose as its main source of energy. However, the body makes glucose from foods which contain carbohydrates such as rice, bread, breakfast cereals, etc. The glucose is hereby carried in the blood which is also in the body. The glucose level is called glycaemia. The glucose which is obviously flowing through the blood stream has to forcefully get out of the blood and get into the body tissues. Insulin is a hormone which is made by the pancreas. Insulin opens the doors that let glucose leave the body cells where energy is made. Without insulin, the glucose channels are shut.
As it stands, we have two major types of Diabetes.
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is commonly diagnosed in little children and also among adolescents, and this may occur when the pancreas has the inability to produce insulin. Therefore, Type 1 diabetes can actually occur at any age but it usually affects little children and also adolescents. In Type 1 diabetes, the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin simply because the cells which make the insulin active have actually been destroyed by the body’s immune system. This insulin will have to be replaced and the failure to replace this insulin endangers people’s lives. Therefore, people with this type of diabetes must have insulin every day in order to live.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. It also occurs when the body does not effectively use the insulin which is produced. Obviously, Type 2 diabetes usually develops mostly in adulthood. People with Type 2 diabetes may have to manage their condition with lifestyle changes like eating a healthy meal and doing a series of exercises to be physically fit. They may also have to take diabetes medications or insulin. However, it is important to know that when you need medications or insulin, it is the natural progression of the disease. When you take tablets or insulin as soon as you need them, some complications which are caused by diabetes can be very much reduced. As I earlier said, Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by healthy living. This definitely includes regular and excessive physical activity, and eating healthy meals, especially if they have been told they have a pre-diabetic condition.
There are a series of irritating mythical beliefs diabetics have which are incorrect. Some say if they lose weight and do not require medicine anymore, they will no longer have diabetes. The truth is that the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may go away, but certainly not the condition. If you have Type 1 diabetes, it does not matter how much weight your body loses, you will always have the need for insulin. It may be lower though, but there will always be a need for insulin.
Some diabetic patients believe if they have diabetes, they have to wear special shoes. This is just funny. Actually, you can wear any shoe that fits properly. Although people with diabetes have to be more careful to prevent foot injuries, but that does not necessarily mean you have to wear only one type of shoe. If you are not experiencing any loss of sensation in your feet, just be sure you put on a well-suited and constructed shoe which will prevent foot injuries.
Also, some diabetic patients believe that there is one specific diabetic diet they should follow. Well, I’m glad to tell you that a diabetic diet does not exist any longer. The same dietary guidelines recommended for all Americans are now recommended for all diabetic patients. You can eat a variety of vegetables, lean protein, fruits, healthful fats and the likes. Diabetic diet is no longer recommended as it once was.
Some patients with diabetes also believe they cannot eat anything they like anymore. Actually, you can eat anything you like, including your favorite foods. Thinking you can’t eat anything you like anymore because you have diabetes is a mistake. If you want to eat something rich in carbohydrates or fat, you will need to cut an equivalent amount of carbohydrates or fat from somewhere else in your diet. You really can eat what you want, just not as much as you want.
More so, some adults might want to believe their vision is getting blurry due to the fact that they are getting older. Well, it is actually possible, but blurry vision is one of the most common symptoms of high blood sugar; blurry vision can be a relative sign of diabetic eye disease or high blood sugar that, if left untreated, there is the tendency of it leading to vision loss or blindness. Therefore, blurry vision is known to be one of the most common symptoms of high blood sugar.
Here are some general facts about diabetes:
- People with pre-diabetes have a very huge risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and heart diseases.
- Adults who have been diagnosed with diabetes have heart disease death rates about 3-4 times higher than adults who are free from diabetes.
- Diabetes is actually the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults.
- Kidney failure is commonly caused by diabetes.
- Result sthese years show that approximately 1.2 illion Americans have been diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes or will be diagnosed with it.
- It also shows that 85.2% of people having Type 2 diabetes are fully overweight or obese.
- Results prove to us that if this present trend continues, as many as 1 in 3 American adults will be far from not having diabetes by the year 2050.
- Results show us that diabetes kills more Americans every year than AIDS and Cancer combined.
- Someone is diagnosed with diabetes every 19 seconds
- It also proves to us that someone who is diagnosed with diabetes at 50 years of age dies 6 years earlier than someone without diabetes.
- Another 86 million Americans have prediabetes and are at the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
- As it stands, African-Americans and Hispanics have higher rates of having Type 2 diabetes than the whites.
- The death rate among the African-Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes is 27% higher than among whites who have diabetes. The reasons include heredity, higher obesity rates, socioeconomic issues, and unavailability of health insurance or insurance coverage.
Conclusively, we also have what is called gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a temporal condition which occurs during pregnancy. It affects approximately 3.7% of all pregnancies and 8-18% of all pregnancies diagnosed in the Aboriginal population. However, if a pregnant woman is diagnosed with gestational diabetes, there is a high level of risk that both she and her child would develop diabetes in the future.